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IITJEE Preparation Today
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JEE MAIN 2024
Important Dates:
EVENTS 

(a) Session1: JEE (Main)  January 2024 

Online Submission of Application Form 
01 November 2023 to 30 November 2023(up to 09:00 P.M.) 

Last date for successful transaction of prescribed Application Fee 
30 November 2023 (up to 11:50 P.M.) 

Announcement of the City of Examination 
By the second week of January 2024 

Downloading Admit Cards from the NTA website 
03 days before the actual date of theExamination 

Dates of Examination 
Between 24 January and 01 February 2024 

Display of Question Paper attempted by the Candidate and Answer Keys for inviting challenges 
To be displayed on the NTA website 

Declaration of Result 
12 February 2024 

(b) Session2: JEE (Main)  April 2024 

Online Submission of Application Form 
02 February 2024 to 02 March 2024(up to 09:00 P.M.) 

Last date for successful transaction of prescribedApplication Fee 
02 March 2024 (up to 11:50 P.M.) 

Announcement of the City of Examination 
By the third week of March 2024 

Downloading Admit Cards from the NTA website 
03 days before the actual date of the Examination 

Dates of Examination 
Between 01 April and 15 April 2024 

Display of Question Paper attempted by the Candidate and Answer Keys for inviting challenges 
To be displayed on the NTA website 

Declaration of Result 
25 April 2024 

(c) Duration of Examination for each Session of JEE (Main)  2024 : 

Paper 1 (B.E./B.Tech.)or Paper 2A (B.Arch.)or Paper 2B (B.Planning.) 
03 Hours 

B.Arch. & B.Planning (both) 
03 Hours 30 Minutes 

(d) Timing of Examination for each Session: JEE (Main)  2024 : 

Duration of Examination 
First Shift 
Second Shift 
For 3 Hours Paper 
09.00 A.M. to 12.00 Noon (IST) 
03.00 P.M. to 06.00 P.M. (IST) 
For 3 Hours 30 Minutes Paper 
09.00 A.M. to 12.30 P.M. (IST) 
03.00 P.M. to 06.30 P.M. (IST) 
Fee payable for JEE (Main) – 2024 (through Credit Card /Debit Card (exceptMaster/Visa Card) / NetBanking/UPI) 
Type of Candidate 
Centres inIndia (Fee in ₹) 
CentresOutside India (Fee in ₹) 

Paper 1: B.E./B. Tech or Paper 2A: B. Arch or Paper 2B: B.Planning 
General 
Male 
1000 
5000 
Female 
800 
4000 

EWS/ OBC(NCL) 
Male 
900 
4500 

Female 
800 
4000 

SC/ST/PwD 
Male 
500 
2500 

Female 
500 
2500 

Third Gender 
500 
3000 

Paper 1: B.E./B. Tech &Paper 2A: B. Arch or Paper 1: B.E./B. Tech &Paper 2B: B. Planning or Paper 1: B.E./B.Tech,Paper 2A: B. Arch & Paper 2B: B.Planning or Paper 2A: B. Arch & Paper 2B: B.Planning 
General/GenEWS/OBC (NCL) 
Male 
2000 
10000 
Female 
1600 
8000 

SC/ST/PwD 
Male 
1000 
5000 

Female 
1000 
5000 

Third Gender 
5000 

Processing charges and Goods & Service Taxes (GST) are to be paid by the candidate, as applicable. 
A candidate has the option to apply for one Session or both Sessions (Session 1 and Session 2 of 2024) together and pay the exam fee accordingly. In other words, if a candidate wishes to apply only for one Session, he/she has to pay the Examination Fee only for that Session during the current application period and will have the opportunity to apply again for Session 2 (April 2024).
If a candidate wishes to apply for Session 2, the candidate can log in and pay the Examination Fee for Session 2 during that period.
The application window for Session 2 will be reopened as per the details available in the Informatin Bulletin and will also be notified separately through a Public Notice.
The fee can be submitted only online through Net Banking, Credit Card, Debit Card, or UPI Services. Processing charges and GST as applicable are chargeable from the candidate (in addition to the examination fee) by the concerned Bank/Payment Gateway Integrator. For details/procedure, please see AppendixII.
The Confirmation Page of the online Application Form for each session will be generated only after the successful payment of the fee by the Candidate. In case the Confirmation Page is not generated after payment of the fee, then the candidate may have to approach the concerned Bank/Payment Gateway (in the helpline numbers and email given in AppendixII) to ensure the successful payment or to obtain the refund of duplicate /multiple payments.
Candidates must read carefully the Instructions (including how to fill up the Application Form online) given in the Information Bulletin available on the NTA Website. Candidates not complying with the instructions shall be summarily disqualified.
Candidates can apply for JEE (Main) – 2024 Session 1 and Session 2 through the “Online” mode only. The Application Form in any other mode will not be accepted.
Submission of the Application Form could be made by the candidate online through the NTA website: https:// jeemain.nta.ac.in/
Download the Information Bulletin and Replica of the Application Form. Read thesecarefully to ensure your eligibility.
Candidate needs to select any one of the following to register for JEE (Main):
To log in/create a Digi locker account through the NAD portal. Or;
To log in/create an Academic Bank of Credits ID (ABC ID) through the ABC ID. Or;
To log in using an Indian Indian Passport Number. Or;
To log in using a NonIndian Passport Number. Or;
To log in using a PAN Card Number. Or;
To log in using an Aadhaar Enrollment Number.
The candidates are advised to register through Digi Locker/ABC ID.
Those candidates who do not wish to register through the Digi Locker / ABC ID, need to report early (one hour prior to the entry time) at the examination Centre on the day of the examination.
Please note that for authentication through nonAadhaar options Candidate needs to reach the Exam Centre 1 hour earlier than other Candidates to get their Biometrics recorded at the Exam Centre.
Candidate must write his / her Full Name, the same as printed on the certificate/marksheet of Class 10 / equivalent Examination otherwise the form will be rejected.
The Candidates can log in with the systemgenerated Application Number and precreated Password or Digi locker ID / ABC ID and their password for completing the Application Form including filling up personal details, applying for the Paper, choosing the Examination Cities, providing the details of Educational Qualifications, and uploading the images and documents (if any).
The scanned photograph and signature should be in JPG/JPEG format (clearly legible).
The size of the scanned photograph should be between 10 kb to 200 kb (clearly legible).
The size of the scanned signature should be between 4 kb to 30 kb (clearly legible)
The size of the scanned copy of the PwD certificate should be in pdf between 50 kb to 300kb (clearly legible)
After completing Step 1 and Step 2, the candidates have to pay the requisite examination fee. The fee can be only submitted online through Net Banking, Credit Card, Debit Card, and UPI. Processing charges and GST as applicable are chargeable to the candidate (in addition to the examination fee) by the concerned Bank.
The Confirmation Page of the online Application Form will be generated only after successful payment by the Candidate. In case the Confirmation Page is not generated after payment of fee, then the candidate may have to approach the concerned Bank (in the helpline number and e mail given in the Information Bulletin) for ensuring the successful payment or for obtaining the refund of duplicate/multiple payments.
Download, save, and print a copy of the Confirmation Page of the Application Form (which would be downloadable only after the successful remittance of the fee) for future reference.
All 3 Steps can be done together or at separate times. The submission of the Application of a candidate could be considered successful and his/her candidature would be confirmed only onthe successful transaction/receipt of the prescribed application fee from him/her.
Candidates shall ensure that the information entered by them in their respective online Application Forms is correct.
All candidates must ensure that they have provided the correct email address and mobile number. A copy of the Confirmation Page and Final Score Card of JEE (Main) – 2024 will also be sent to the registered email address of the Candidate as well as the Parent/Guardian.
Information provided by the candidates in their respective online Application Forms, like, the name of the candidate, contact details, address details, category, PW status, educational qualification details, date of birth, choice of examination cities, etc. will be treated as final. Any request for change in such particulars will not be considered by NTA under any circumstances.
NTA does not edit/modify/alter any information entered by the candidates after completion ofthe application process under any circumstances. Any request for change in information thereafter will not be entertained. Therefore, candidates are advised to exercise utmost caution before filling up the correct details in the Application Form.
NTA disclaims any liability that may arise to a candidate(s) due to incorrect information provided by him/her in his/her online Application Form.
Candidates must ensure that their email address and mobile number to be registered in their online Application Form are their own, as relevant/important information/ communication will be sent by NTA through email on the registered mail address and/or through SMS on the registered mobile number only. NTA shall not be responsible for any noncommunication/miscommunication with a candidate in the email address or mobile number given by him/her other than his/her own. Candidates are advised to visit the NTA Website and check their e mails regularly for the latest updates.
Candidates shall appear at their own cost at the Examination Centre on the date, shift, andtime indicated on their Admit Cards issued by the NTA in due course through its website.
EXAMINATION SCHEME
Medium of the Question Papers: Drawing from the National Education Policy (NEP), the JEE (Main) 2024 is being conducted in English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada Malayalam, Marathi Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.
,
S. No. 
Language 
Examination Centres 
1. 
English 
All Examination Centres 
2. 
English and Hindi 
All Examination Centres in India 
3. 
English and Assamese 
Examination Centres in Assam 
4. 
English and Bengali 
Examination Centres in West Bengal, Tripura, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands 
5. 
English and Gujarati 
Examination Centres in Gujarat, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli 
6. 
English and Kannada 
Examination Centres in Karnataka 
7. 
English and Malayalam 
Examination Centres in Kerala and Lakshadweep 
8. 
English and Marathi 
Examination Centres in Maharashtra 
9. 
English and Odia 
Examination Centres in Odisha 
10. 
English and Punjabi 
Examination Centres in Punjab, Chandigarh, and Delhi/New Delhi (including Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurugram, Meerut, Noida/Greater Noida) 
11. 
English and Tamil 
Examination Centres in Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, andAndaman & Nicobar Islands 
12. 
English and Telugu 
Examination Centres in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana 
13. 
English and Urdu 
All Examination Centres in India 
Subject combinations for each paper, type of questions in each paper, and mode of examination aregiven in the table below:
PAPER 
SUBJECTS 
TYPE OF QUESTIONS 
MODE OF EXAMINATION 
Paper 1: B.E./B.Tech. 
Mathematics,Physics and Chemistry 
Objective Type  Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Questions for which the answer is a numerical value, with equal weightage to Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry 
Computer Based Test(CBT)” mode only 
Paper1: B.E./ B. Tech. in Computer Based Test (CBT) mode: 

Subjectwise 
Subject 
Section A 
Section B 
Marks 

distribution of 
Mathematics 
20* 
10* 
100 

Questions, Total 

Number of Questions, 
Physics 
20* 
10* 
100 

and Marks 
Chemistry 
20* 
10* 
100 

90 
300 

*Each Subject will have two sections. Section A will be of MultipleChoice Questions (MCQs) and Section B will contain Questions whose answers are to be filled in as a numerical value.In Section B, candidates have to attempt any 05 (five) questions out of 10. There will be negative marking for both Section A and Section B. For each question in Section B, acandidate has to enter the correct integer value of the answer using the mouse and the on screen virtual numeric keypad in the place designated to enter the answer. For Section B, the answer should be rounded off to the nearest integer. 

Marking Scheme for MCQs 
Correct Answer or the Most Appropriate Answer 
Four marks (+4) 

Incorrect Answer 
Minus one mark (1) 

Unanswered / Marked for Review 
No mark (0) 

Marking Scheme for questions for which the answer is a Numerical value 
Correct Answer 
Four marks (+4) 

Incorrect Answer 
Minus one mark (1) 

Unanswered / Marked for Review 
No mark (0) 

Method of determining merit 
Conversion of the raw score in Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry, andthe conversion of the total into NTA scores. Overall merit shall be prepared by merging NTA scores of all shifts of all days. 

Method of resolving ties 
Tie between candidates obtaining equal Total NTA scores in Paper 1: B.E./B.Tech will be resolved in the following manner in descending order:

or the most appropriate answer. However, if any anomaly or discrepancy is found after the process of challenges of the key verification, it shall be addressed in the following manner:
Correct answer or the most appropriate answer: Four marks (+4)
Any incorrect option marked will be given minus one mark (1).
Unanswered/Marked for Review will be given no mark (0).
If more than one option is found to be correct then Four marks (+4) will be awarded to only those who have marked any of the correct options.
If all options are found to be correct then Four marks (+4) will be awarded to all those who have attempted the question.
If none of the options is found correct or a Question is found to be wrong or a Question is dropped then full marks will be awarded to all candidates who have appeared irrespective of the fact whether the question has been attempted or not attempted by the candidate.
Correct Answer: Four marks (+4)
Incorrect Answer: Minus one mark (1)
Unanswered/Marked for Review: No mark (0).
If a question is found to be incorrect or the Question is dropped then Four marks (+4) will be awarded to all those who have attempted the question. The reason could be due to human error or technical error.
Candidates are advised to do the calculations with the constants given (if any) in the questions. The answer should be rounded off to the nearest integer.
Paper 
Subjects 
Total Time Duration 

For NonPwD Candidates 
*For PwD Candidates 

Paper 1 (B.E./B.Tech.) 
Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics 
03 hours 
04 hours 
*Note:  Compensatory time for PwD Candidates of 20 minutes for a onehour examination 
eA dmit Card
The eAdmit Card will be issued provisionally to the candidates through the NTA website: https://jeemain.nta.ac.in/, subject to the fulfillment of the eligibility conditions and receipt of the prescribed application fee by NTA.
The candidate has to download the Admit Card from the NTA website. The candidate will appear in the examination at the given Centre on the date and shift/timing as indicated in his/her eAdmit Card.
In case a candidate is unable to download his/her Admit Card from the website, he/she should approach the NTA Help Line Number: 01140759000 between 10.00 A.M. to 05.00 P.M.
In case of any discrepancy in the particulars of the candidate or his/her photograph and signature shown in the eAdmit Card and Confirmation Page, the candidate may immediately approach the NTA Help Line from 10:00 A.M. to 05:00 P.M. In such a case, the candidate would appear in the examination with the already downloaded Admit Card. However, NTA will take necessary action to make corrections in the record later.
Candidates are advised to report at the Examination Center well on time i.e. 02 hours before the commencement of the examination.
Candidates should take their seats immediately after the opening of the Examination Hall. If the candidates do not report on time due to any reason i.e. traffic jam, train/bus delay, etc, they are likely to miss some of the important instructions to be announced in the Examination Rooms/Halls. The NTA shall not be responsible for any delay.
The candidate must show, ondemand, the Admit Card downloaded/printed from the NTA website for admission in the examination room/hall. The Test Centre Staff on duty is authorized to verify the identity of candidates and may take steps to verify and confirm the identity credentials. Candidates are requested to extend their full cooperation. Candidates who do not possess valid Admit Cards and authorized Photo IDs shall not be permitted to take the examination under any circumstances by the Centre Superintendent.
A seat indicating Roll Number will be allotted to each candidate. Candidates should find and sit in their allocated seats only. In case a candidate ventures to change his/her seat and doesnot sit on the seat allotted to him/her could face cancellation of candidature. No plea wouldbe entertained in this regard.
The candidate should ensure that the Question Paper available on the computer is as per his/her opted subject indicated in the Admit Card. In case, the subject of the Question Paperis other than his/her opted subject, the same may be brought to the notice of the Invigilator concerned.
The candidates may approach the Centre Superintendent/Invigilator in the room for any technical assistance, first aid emergency, or any other information during the course of the examination.
For any queries or issues regarding the Computer Based Test, the candidates may contact on Helpline Numbers available on the Joint Entrance Examination (Main) website.
In case a candidate, by furnishing false information, appears in more than one shift/date, his candidature will be cancelled and his result will not be declared.
For those who are unable to appear on the scheduled date of the test for any reason, a retest shall not be held by the NTA under any circumstances.
Note: Candidates shall appear at their own cost at the Centre on the Date and Shift as indicated in their Admit Card issued by the NTA. Under no circumstances the choice of cities for the Centre and shift provided in the Admit Card shall be changed.
Syllabus for JEE (Main) – 2024
Syllabus for JEE Main Paper 1 (B.E./B.Tech.) Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry
MATHEMATICS
Sets and their representation: Union, intersection, and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Type of relations, equivalence relations, functions; oneone, into and onto functions, the composition of functions.
Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a
+ ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex number, modulus, and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions Relations between roots and coefficient, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.
Matrices, algebra of matrices, type of matrices, determinants, and matrices of order two and three, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants, Adjoint, and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using matrices.
The fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as section, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.
Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, and simple applications.
Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers, Relation between A.M and G.M.
Real–valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions, inverse function. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity, and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite, and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two, Applications of derivatives:
Rate of change of quantities, monotonicIncreasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable,
Integral as an antiderivative, Fundamental integral involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Integrations by substitution, by parts, and by partial functions. Integration using trigonometric identities.
Evaluation of simple integrals of the type
The fundamental theorem of calculus, properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.
Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree, the solution of differential equation by the method of separation of variables, solution of a homogeneous and linear differential
𝑑𝑦
𝑑𝑥
+ 𝑝(𝑥)𝑦 = 𝑞(𝑥)
Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, sections formula, locus, and its equation, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axis.
Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, the distance of a point form a line, coordinate of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle,
A standard form of equations of a circle, the general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and central, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and sections of conics, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms,
Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points, section formula, directions ratios, and direction cosines, and the angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them, and its equation. Equations of a line
Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and threedimensional space, scalar and vector products,
Measures of discretion; calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance, and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye's theorem, probability distribution of a random variate,
Trigonometrical identities and trigonometrical functions, inverse trigonometrical functions,and their properties
Units of measurements, System of Units, S I Units, fundamental and derived units, least count, significant figures, Errors in measurements, Dimensions of Physics quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.
The frame of reference, motion in a straight line, Position time graph, speed and velocity; Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime, positiontime graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Scalars and Vectors, Vector. Addition and subtraction, scalar and vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
Force and inertia, Newton’s First law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion,Impulses; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road.
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, workenergytheorem, power.
The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Centre of the mass of a twoparticle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications;
The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, and their applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.
The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s law of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, time period, and energy of satellite.
Elastic behaviour, Stressstrain relationship, Hooke's Law. Young's modulus, bulk modulus, and modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
Viscosity. Stokes' law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow.critical velocity. Bernoulli's principle and its applications.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface,application of surface tension  drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer conduction, convection, and radiation.
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.
The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases  assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro's number.
Oscillations and periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M.  Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum  derivation of expression for its time period:
Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of the travelling wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode, and harmonics. Beats.
Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb's law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric flux. Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; potential difference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitances, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, and capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.
Electric current. Drift velocity, mobility, and their relation with electric current. Ohm's law. Electrical resistance. Vl characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power. Electrical resistivity and conductivity. Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Internal resistance, potential difference, and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge.
Biot  Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductorsdefinition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;
Magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field. Para, dia and ferromagnetic substances with examples, the effect of temperature on magnetic properties.
Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.
Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. Xrays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.
Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, thin lens formula, and lens maker formula. Total internal reflection and its applications. Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young's doubleslit experiment, and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Polarization, planepolarized light: Brewster's law, uses of planepolarized light and Polaroid.
Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waveswave nature of particle, de Broglie relation.
Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission,and fusion.
Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR).
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
Vernier calipers its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
Screw gaugeits use to determine the thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.
Simple Pendulumdissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitudeand time.
Metre Scale  the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.
Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
Surf ace tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,
Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of agiven spherical body,
Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube,
Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.
The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law.
Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
The focal length of;
Convex mirror
Concave mirror, and
Convex lens, using the parallax method.
The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
The refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
Characteristic curves of a pn junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
Identification of Diode. LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.
CHEMISTRY
Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element, and compound: Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohr model of a hydrogen atom its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie's relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, and its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as oneelectron wave functions: Variation of and 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various
quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p, and d  orbitals, electron spin, and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle. Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, and extra stability of halffilled and completely filled orbitals.
KosselLewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. Fajan’s rule, dipole moment: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR ) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory  its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, Entropy, types of processes.
The second law of thermodynamics  Spontaneity of processes; S of the universe and Gof the system as criteria for spontaneity. G (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution  molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult's Law  Ideal and nonideal solutions, vapour pressure composition, plots for ideal and non ideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions  a relative lowering of vapour
pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.
Meaning of equilibrium is the concept of dynamic equilibrium.
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solidliquid, liquidgas  gas and solidgas equilibria, Henry's law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of G and G in chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.
Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, and balancing of redox reactions.
Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
Electrochemical cells  Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, halfcell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.
Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and firstorder reactions, their characteristics and halflives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions, Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p. d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity.
Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties
of the firstrow transition elements  physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7, and KMnO4.
Introduction to coordination compounds. Werner's theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; BondingValence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules  hybridization (s and p): Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulphur; Homologous series: Isomerism structural and stereoisomerism.
Covalent bond fission  Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles, and nucleophiles.
 Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
Common types of organic reactions Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.
Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.
FriedelCraft's alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono substituted benzene.
General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of CX bond; Mechanismsof substitution reactions. Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT.
General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
Ethers: Structure.
Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as  Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH3, and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (Wolf Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of hydrogen. aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
Acidic strength and factors affecting it,
General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses.
Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
PROTEINS  Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides. Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
Hormones (General introduction)
Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, Sulphur, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups; hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.
The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds; Mohr’s salt, potash alum.
Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises – Acids, bases, and the use of indicators,oxalicacid vs
KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4
Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations – Pb2+, Cu2+, Al3+, Fe3+,
Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+
Anions CO2−, S2,SO2−, NO3, NO2, Cl, Br, I ( Insoluble salts excluded).
3 4
Chemical principles involved in the following:
Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
Prearation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols